Many women develop ovarian cysts at some point in their life. In most cases, these fluid-filled sacs which grow either inside or on the surface of the ovary are benign and even asymptomatic. In some cases though, they are problematic. While an actual cure for ovarian cyst is not yet known, there are various options if you have one or more ovarian cysts.
Monitor the cyst and wait
For many women who are of reproductive age, just monitoring the cyst and waiting for several weeks is the first option. This is of course if the cyst is not causing any problematic symptoms and if a sonogram or ultrasound indicates there are no significant abnormalities which would cause concern.
The cyst can be monitored periodically with further ultrasounds. Your physician will be looking for any changes in the size of the cyst. Since there is no cure for ovarian cyst if you are post-menopausal either, this “watch and wait” approach may be appropriate for small cysts which contain only fluid. Many cysts will disappear on their own over a period of time, which is preferable since there is no cure for ovarian cyst.
Ovarian cysts which cut off the blood flow to the ovaries, don’t stop growing, these malignant cells cannot simply be monitored. Some form of treatment is required, sooner rather than later.
Again, because there is no cure for ovarian cyst, some women prefer to choose an alternative treatment approach either instead of or in combination with traditional Western medicine treatments which will be discussed next. These may involve:
• Herbal remedies
• Dietary changes, often involving the elimination of red meat
• Taking supplements high in antioxidants
• Homeopathic remedies
Of course alternative treatments do not provide a cure for ovarian cyst, but some women have found them to be beneficial in various ways. In some cases they may alleviate some of the symptoms. Also, they may keep the cysts from getting larger.
Traditional treatment options
Deciding the best course of traditional treatment options for ovarian cysts depends on several factors. These factors include a woman’s age, whether or not she wants to have children, the type of cyst as well as the location of the cyst, and the woman’s overall health.
Many physicians will prescribe birth control pills if you have ovarian cysts. While these are not a cure for ovarian cyst, they not only decrease your risk of developing ovarian cancer, they also help prevent the development of new cysts during your periods.
Contraceptive pills will also help regulate your menstrual cycle and, for women with polycystic ovarian syndrome, they will reduce the amount of male hormones which are produced. In doing so, they also help alleviate the symptoms caused by these hormones.
Surgery may seem like the closest thing to a cure for ovarian cyst in some cases. Surgery may involve a laparoscopy, in which little holes are drilled into the ovaries which release the hormonal fluids. This is usually done to normalize the menstrual cycle and enhance ovulation for women who are trying to conceive. It also can reduce the level of androgen production in women with PCOS.
If you have an ovarian cyst which is quite large or is abnormal, or causes symptoms such as pain, your doctor may remove the cyst surgically. He may perform either a cystectomy or an oophorectomy. Neither of these procedures will interfere with your fertility, which is often important if you are of childbearing age. However, if the cyst is cancerous, a hysterectomy may be indicated.
Surgical removal of ovarian cysts is typically recommended for women who develop cysts after menopause.
Perhaps someday there will be a cure for ovarian cyst. Until then, the treatment options which are available can be beneficial in many ways. Talk with your doctor to determine the best course of treatment if you have one or more ovarian cysts.